Multistoried buildings have been erected to meet the ever-increasing demand for space, and the traditional government compounds have become overbuilt.
Most of these are overcrowded because there are far too few of them to house the expanding population.
Government programs alone are insufficient to meet the housing shortage, and funds from the World Bank have been used to build low-income housing, such as the Din Daeng and Hua Mak developments.
There was also an emphasis on renewal in inner-city areas.
Private real-estate developers provide homes for middle-income groups, and many government agencies provide homes for their employees.
Throughout the city, walled Buddhist temples and monasteries called wats, often sumptuously ornamented, serve as focal points for religious, cultural, and even commercial life.
The governmental and commercial districts of the city occupy traditional sites.Homes may be crowded onto small lots with rudimentary sanitation facilities.These developments have spread out haphazardly on the periphery of the city.The government allows squatters to occupy unused public land.The number of squatters is small, and most of them are concentrated in the Khlong Toei area near the port.It is also a major tourist destination, noted for bountiful cultural attractions and a nightlife that includes a flourishing sex trade.