I have found 1921 to be the earliest use of the term "Put & Take." The spread and popularity of Put & Takes was a true "craze," a term applied to Put & Takes even then. Lavalette, a French firm, and Bosch, a German firm, partnered between WW I and WW II.) Unusual bi-level top with 8 colored balls. This piece is in all original pre-owned condition age related wear and marks. Same as top #4 in the chart above, except one side is COLON, not COLIN. described it as, "Vintage 6 sided Bi-level "Odds On" Spinner, Circa 1920s. The top level sides are marked with the odds in this order: " E [Even], 2-1, 4-1, 5-1, 6-1, 8-1." The bottom level is marked with the symbols in this order: crown, heart, spade, anchor, diamond, club.. Looks to be made of brass with a silver coloured finish. The above three pictures show how a Put and Take can be rigged for cheating. One unusual rule: "If a PUT and an ALL are rolled, then the player puts in an amount equal to the entire pot." While unusual, I have seen this rule mentioned many times. Per seller: "The bidding is for ONE dice only, I have shown 2 in the photo to show more faces of the dice. This is my version of a game I loved as a child called "Put & Take". Hand lathed of aluminum, well balanced for long spins.The Put & Take craze enveloped the world in the 1920s and 30s, as seen everywhere in games, newspaper stories, songs, plays, movies, punchboards, and reform movements to outlaw the spinners and games. G." stands for "Sans Garantie Du Gouvernement" (="without government guarantee"). Click here for full information and pictures on another page. The top breaks down and you can move the tumblers off and on, depending on what you are playing." Tri-level Crown & Anchor. ....there are chips to the paintwork in places." The top is 6-sided, each level has these 6 sides: X 1 2 3 4 5. "STILL IN GOOD WORKING PERIOD CONDITION, THIS PARTICULAR TEETOTEM IS RARE BECAUSE IT IS TRI-LEVEL WITH 3 INDEPENDENTLY SPINNING DECKS OR LEVELS. Grey Lag-Colon-- Man-O-War--Morvich- Zev-Spark Plug DISQ, 5-1, 4-1, 8-1, 6-1, 2-1 Crown and Anchor. The typed instructions came with the rigged tops when ordered from a gambling supply house. "Blue Book" (copyright 1932), which at that time had offices in eight major cities across the U. Notice how the middle ones are nice and symmetrical -- straight/fair/honest. Per seller, "Put N Take Dreidel - Gambling Spinner - Made in Wisconsin USA, Made in Wisconsin USA, CNC Machined from Aircraft Grade Aluminum. Dealer, in e Bay August 2009 auction description, says: "... A box of 1 dozen 3/4" dice for the game Put & Take etched in black, red and blue. "The original game was a spinning top but this dice version is easier for younger children who can't make a top spin. "The 6 faces read - PUT 1, PUT 2, ALL PUT, TAKE 1, TAKE 2 & TAKE ALL. "This is a fun way to teach children about turn taking, following game rules, number value, winning & losing! English lettering is CNC-engraved and hand painted. This auction includes one aluminum top, instruction card, and small fabric gift bag. ," as described by e Bay seller rembet33 in Oct 2009. per e Bay seller, March 2010: "Well, I came up with a design and had it made and now am selling it to other Put and Take enthusiasts looking for an ultimate game experience that can be carried with you wherever you go.
Game: TEETOTUM -- (Detail from Brueghel's Painting) . By far, the most common rule is for all the players to add one chip to the pot if "O", "All Put," etc. Also included are many put and takes that I do not own, pictures taken from e Bay listings. Look here, here and here, from a site about Spanish language put and takes. As noted elsewhere on this page, it is claimed that the prevalence of crooked Put & Take tops led to the end of the Put & Takes craze after the 1930's. Aluminum mainly, they make a wide variety of modern tops. Their 8-sided one, ink filled engravings, is MS-PT8: 65 grams, aluminum, 2-1/2 inches, spins well. THE DICE IN THIS SET REPRESENT THE FOUR MOST POPULAR STYLES OF DICE IVC HAS TO OFFER AND ALL MADE FROM SOLID BRASS. THESE DICE ARE NOT BRASS PLATED OR PAINTED, THEY ARE 100% REAL CUSTOM MACHINED BRASS. The on on the right appeared on e Bay, Jan 2013, and the seller emailed me that they are being made now by Rose & Pentagram Design,and soldthrough Noble Knight Games. Also, the bottom is rounded, no "nipple" or point to spin on. "Top is NEW 1 and 1/4 inches tall Hand Machined of solid Brass and Polished Made in the U. She sharpened the point *(sanded it down), and that greatly improved its spinning ability. I just received mine in the mail; it spins very poorly. By the way, not shown here, but the jagged line between the "T" and the "A" on the TA side is the signature "Rocky," the nickname of the creator of the top. Originals of these tops are hard to find today, these are made exactly as the originals and after they tarnish, will look exactly like an original does." "Morgan's Revenge, A Pirate Game." Per seller: "This enjoyable and simple game of chance comes with a 6 sided brass top similar to a dreidel, a 16 page booklet including instructions, and replica gold doubloons and pieces of eight. It is small enough to stick in your pocket or in a pouch while wearing your costume. I like it: shiny, heavy 47 grams, 1-3/8" long, get valid spin each time though often a clumsy spin, fun piece, easy to handle. Per dealer, "Made from solid brass, this six-sided Put & Take measures 1.50" long by 7/8" wide. The game finishes when one player has all of the pieces. Great game to have when family comes over for the holidays." Sold at this web site: "Top - Silver with Black Print". The top is stamped, oxidized and then polished but will patina nicely in time." The price for each is $65. Launcher: 12- inches long." Dealer told me, "sides are just numbered from 1 to 6 with "Industria Argentina" over 4 and "Trompolin M. There are 9 different cards/designs, repeated 4 times for each different card -- so 4 x 9 = 36 cards. The player would have to unwrap the ticket to see the results. Per UK seller: "A vintage, hand held, plated brass, Mechanical Put & Take Game. It is very well engineered & is in lovely condition for its age."Antique Pocket Knife Shop Display Advertising card with Put & Take Brand. Picture to the left is label on back of store display of the "Put and Take Brand" pocket knives. The seller, in Australia, described it as, "vintage folding knife ...'Put and Take Knife ' Germany, Richartz Bros & Son. Middle ( handle ) 7.5cm x 1.5cm." Inspirational booklet. It describes Put and Take as the "biggest game in the country," and "when it rolls over and stops, you do what it says." It uses the game as a parable for life, and a jumping off point for its economic message. " But it can't come from government because "Where do they get their money? The Birdseye Maple tray is made of one piece of wood with nice graining and a raised edge that keeps the top from spinning off.
You can improve/restore the spinning ability of tops. The principle described above applies to another form of Put & Take cheating: the gaffed top is rounded differently on both ends. Also known as PT8-MIL: Seller (on e Bay Sept 2017): "Each of our gambling teetotums are hand turned from a solid brass hex bar making each one unique. YOU ARE PURCHASING A SET OF DICE THAT SCREAM IM SERIOUS ABOUT MY GAMING. THE DICE INCLUDED IN THIS COMBO DEAL ARE AS FOLLOWS: *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS SPINNING HEX TOP D6 PIP *SET OF TWO 5/8 SOLID BRASS LONG LOG ROLLER D6 PIP *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS FLOATING D6 PIP *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS STANDARD D6 PIP Another modern one I saw on e Bay, August 2009. A fun historic game for play at festivals and re-enactments. But the top is difficult to spin properly and consistently. But it is easy to file down the pointy tip to make it spin easily. It features a knurled stem for easy spinning and its heavy 1.6 oz weight [46 grams] will aid in long spin time. "This product is a silver annodized aluminum with black printed letters." "P1" - Put 1: The spinner puts (pays) 1 into the pot. Seller: "the possible outcomes are: T1, T2, P1, P2, WTA, AP2, which translates to: Take 1, Take 2, Put 1, Put 2, All Put 2, and Winner Take All." I have also listed this top on my English-language Put & Take page in the category of Unusual Put & Takes: here. They put out interesting videos showing how they made these tops: click here. Seller says, in Dec 2013, "It has been hand made, not machine made, of brass. I saw these for the first time August 25, 2010, on e Bay in two auctions with starting bids of about $65 each. R." over the rest of numbers." Vintage Children's Put and Take Playing Cards Game, per seller in U. Only three of the designs have words on them: PUT 2, PUT 3, and TAKE 2. Click here to see all 9 different cards and their common back. He says, "made in England pre-war, made from Bakelite. Is played by rolling the barrel (flat multi sided barrel) L1. Kind of bold for a store owner to put up a sign like that. The central knob is spun, the button on the side is pressed to open the window & reveal the instruction, it cannot be spun again until the top button is pulled out to close / reset the window & then the game starts all over again. This is the cover of an inspirational 1951 small booklet published by the H. Both pieces are in good used condition, the top spins nicely and has no breaks and only a few small dings to the brass, the tray has some expected minor scratching and scuffing.
The heyday was especially seen in 1921 and 22 (I refer you again to the timeline.) There is the 1921 silent movie "Put and Take", a 1921 "Put and Take" Broadway show and song, at least five American patents regarding Put and Take taken out between 19, and even a 1929 "Put and Take" jazz swing composition. from the English and American gambling scene is that too many loaded tops were being used. Players ante into a pot and take turns spinning the top. Credit: from a post October 19, 2005 at this Flickr Yahoo site. More pictures of this top here -- shows the bi-levels more clearly. Dealer in UK says, "AN ORIGINAL CROWN AND ANCHOR GAME. GIBSON & SONS "INTERNATIONAL SERIES" MADE IN ENGLAND. THE BOTTOM LEVEL IS FIXED TO THE MIDDLE SPINDLE, WHILE THE MIDDLE AND TOP LAYERS ARE FREE FROM THE SPINDLE AND SPIN SEPARATELY AND AS YOU CAN SEE THE TWO TOP LAYERS CAN BE SPUN SEPARATELY ON BALL BEARINGS. 19735/50 APPROX TOTAL LENGTH - 3.8CM (38MM)."The top is marked "Spinpool Pat Appd For". Similar to the bi-level tops (horses, poker) made by the company that made the "Odds-On" tops, but nothing engraved on the top of the top near the handle. The scanned instructions and catalog page are from the K. In both pictures, notice how the tops on the right are shaved on the lower right side of the "T2" face, and the tops on the left are shaved on the lower left side of of the "T2" face. "Letters & numerals are hand written by seller using with a wood burning tool. Okay, I'll even sell it to anyone else who might want it so don't feel left out. It's an ivory colored 12 sided (D12 to the gamer community) 16mm die and the sides, in no particular order, are engraved as follows: Put 1, Put 2, Put 3, All Put, Put All, Lose Turn Take 1, Take 2, Take 3, All Take, Take All, Roll Again" Modern.
Listen to this grand old 1922 English music hall song on You Tube, "Put and Take," sung by Harry Fay. In other words, there was a great deal too much putting by novices and taking by cheats." But Put & Take exists today. Justin Michell Kevin Cook Gerrit Veldhoen You Tube videos about Put & Takes and other spinning tops: fine 7.5 minute video showing wide variety of tops and spinners, even a few Put & Takes. app for i Phone/i Pod to put your own sides/commands on a digital spinner, thus making your own game. short video of a bi-level Crown & Anchor spinner in action. If it landed T1, T2 or T3, the player who spun it would win (take) 1, 2 or 3 chips, respectively, from the pot. I think it is played like the poker bi-level top above. Click here for a picture of the original colorful box and the instructions. The sender said, " It's from 1982 and was made by a company called BOJO's. HAS A GREEN CLOTH BOARD WITH MAKERS NAME ON BOTTOM. THE DICE (top) IS OF A COMPOSITE MATERIAL (probably plastic). I have been unable to track down the makers or anything similar. Knowing this would give a favorable percentage to the user; he wouldn't always win on every spin, but would come out a winner in the long run. The "takes" are opposite each other (for example, opposite the "T2" is a "T3"). Per seller: "High quality solid brass spin game, lettering is engraved and painted. "AP = All Pay TA = Take All P1 = Pay One T1 = Take One P2 = Pay Two T2 = Take Two" Excellent spinner -- very easy to spin, and spins very well. Seller says, "spinners made from the finest quality aircraft grade stainless steel which is machined using state of the art CNC turning centers and precision balanced for a piece that will spin perfectly and last forever, with a finish so bright and shiny you will need your sunglasses! "A gaffed gambling device increases your odds to 90% accuracy!
The commands on the six sides are usually in words. The commands are usually: take all, all put, take two, put one, take one, and put two.
8-sided tops, like the two typical ones on the left, have smaller sides than the 6-sided ones so the commands are in single letters, numerals, and symbols such as stars (*) and zeros (0). The one on the far left has these outcomes on the 8 sides: * (star means take all), T3, P1, T2, 0 (zero means all put), P3, T1, and P4.
It is the newest and latest craze to tempt our gambling instinct, and is all the rage all over the country. The reddish one near the top has a needle and thread inside. About half are made of catalin; others bone, wood, celluloid and ordinary plastic. Three of them are mechanical lead pencils that are to be rolled for the Put and Take effect. Once on that web page, you will see links for a drawing of the devise, abstract, description, claims, etc. It is also in about the 5th picture on this page, along with other bakelite tops. I bought these two on e Bay June 2013, 5 total delivered. I don't think there was a layout, and I don't think one played against the "house." Rather, like with poker dice, each player would spin his own "hand," and the highest hand would win. (Source.) The Put & Take shown here is from my collection. The spindle can be pushed to work in either direction. Rather, the "top is fixed so that a tap one way will make little weights enter the "Takes" [sides], while another tap will put the weights into the "Puts" [sides]. This top is illustrated in the explanatory drawings." (From "The Bunco Book," Walter B. The cheat could spin the top clockwise or counter-clockwise as he wished (as done with the three red celluloid spinners above.). As this is ten sided it also has Put Three, Take Three, Put Five, and Spin Again." Modern. Buy it now price is for ONE reproduction only (not original). See this link for patent, dates and corporate information. "T2" - Take 2: The spinner takes (gets paid) 2 from the pot. Perfectly balanced and weighing in at 24 grams, it is designed to spin perfectly for beginners and pros spinners alike." Price: .95 (February 2014). A SUPERB NOVELTY HAND CRAFTED WW 1 COMMEMORATIVE TOKEN KEEPSAKE. I spend quite sometime hand sanding them to get the balance just right and am very proud of them! Called by the e Bay seller: antique, brass, hollow in the inside, and no "top cover." June 2010. this piece has a brass rod that appears to be pressed into the inside of the base; and doesn't appear to have ever had, or needed, a top covering piece. (The "Rocky Top" spinners have serifs to the "T" and "P," which the ones pictured here do not have.) Non-magnetic, probably made of aluminum. Uner that, in a circle, is the name of the game: "Put & Take." Below that is, "Insert penny. Advertised on e Bay (wants 0 plus shipping) as a put and take, but I wonder. Dealer says: "Rare 1920s Trompolin Wooden Put & Take/Spinning Top/Teetotum w/Box&Instructions [in Spanish] ... Click here to see the instructions and British patent number. There are instructions printed on the inside of the top of the box. Made by the Durable Toy & Novelty Company of New York.
Well, you will be surprised to know that it is one of the very oldest games in the world." To see it, click here and here. Two of the tops are celluloid advertising pieces -- one touts Manbeck's Bread ("A winner everywhere"); the other says "You don't gamble when you buy Trenton Crackers." The white 4-sided one at the bottom is made of ivory. The red one next to it is plastic with a compartment for solid perfume. The patent was made to cover all tops that were bi-level -- two separate rotating parts. This is the first bakelite bi-level POKER top I have ever seen. Dealer said, "2 RARE VINTAGE GAMING GAMBLING BAKELITE PUT & TAKE CARD GAME SPINNERS. patent number for 1921 are 1,364,063 and 1,401,947. For example, the one pictured here shows a queen-high flush. In the picture to the left, note how the side with the star is rounded on the bottom and straight-flat on the top. Gibson, 1946.) Tapping away (or pushing and pulling the handle), the cheat can make other players feed the kitty as often as he chooses, and can win whenever he wants. Here the sides are alternately round and flat on the tops and bottoms of the sides. Or maybe the cheats would have three differenet spinners that they could palm into the game as they wished. About 1-7/16 inch, The right one is a mite longer due to the bigger point/nipple. Although if you keep it in your pocket for a few days it will tarnish and take its newness away. I have had a brass put and take for many years, and played the game since I was 10 years old, previously it belonged to my father. "AP2" - All Pay 2: All players must put 2 into the pot. A LOVELY TRENCH ART STYLE PIECE." Here is a You Tube video of the maufacturing of these items. Here is another of Guss Parkin's creations: a replia of a famous WWI German military Zeppelin shot down near London in 1916, killing the entire crew of 22. Lots of good wishes, Graham." I have used the seller's pictures, one of which shows the top spinning upside down! Dealer said in part: "Unusual Antique brass gambling device called a "Put and Take". This piece has light patina on the brass, and a greenish verdigris on the inside. The six sides in order: T1, AP, T2, P1, TA, and P2. In the picture, you see "P2" and "Todos Ponen" (All Put). Push down on lever and release." There are 8 sections on the large dial. This is the exceedingly rare "Trompoln" Put & Take Spinning Top with launcher. Besides of being used for playing different table games, it can also be used as a traditional spinning top with launcher. This six-sided put and take is made of painted solid wood with water-transfer decal numbers on sides, tinplate "neck" and twisted wire launcher. Vintage / Antique Game ELECTRIC PUT-N-TAKE by Jim Prentice The Electric Game Co. This piece features tin construction with colorful litho throughout showing flags of the world, roulette wheel numbers, a world globe, Put And Take markings, and more.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on teetotums, "the hexagonal (six-sided) teetotum was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans." The earliest teetotums were used as a substitute for dice, so the sides of the top would be numbered, usually 1 to 6. Two other nice/unusual features: (1) the upper level has single numbers, not odds (like 5-1, 3-2,), and (2) lovely spiral design on the finial (handle) (ususally it is plain or has parallel lines or a diamond design).