The remains of its pill boxes can still be seen along the coast, and south through Ilminster and Chard.A number of decoy towns were constructed in Somerset in World War II to protect Bristol and other towns, at night.
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Some of the hospitals which were built for the casualties of the war remain in use.
The Taunton Stop Line was set up to repel a potential German invasion.
Somerset settlement names are mostly Anglo-Saxon in origin, but some hill names include Brittonic Celtic elements.
For example, an Anglo-Saxon charter of 682 refers to Creechborough Hill as "the hill the British call Cructan and the Anglo-Saxons call Crychbeorh".
Somerset contains HM Prison Shepton Mallet, which was England's oldest prison still in use prior to its closure in 2013, having opened in 1610.
The Industrial Revolution in the Midlands and Northern England spelled the end for most of Somerset's cottage industries.
After the Romans left, Britain was invaded by Anglo-Saxon peoples.
By AD 600 they had established control over much of what is now England, but Somerset was still in native British hands.
War memorials were put up in most of the county's towns and villages; only nine, described as the Thankful Villages, had none of their residents killed.
During the Second World War the county was a base for troops preparing for the D-Day landings.
Some caves continued to be occupied until modern times, including Wookey Hole.