The acid can rapidly eat away skin, the layer of fat beneath the skin, and in some cases even the underlying bone.
Eyelids and lips may be completely destroyed, the nose and ears severely damaged.
several articles thoroughly reviewed the medical implications for these victims.
The media overwhelmingly avoids reporting acid attack related violence; if covered, the description of the attack is laconic, and often implies that the act was inevitable or even justified.
For example, such attacks usually leave victims handicapped in some way, rendering them dependent on either their spouse or family for everyday activities, such as eating and running errands.
According to the Acid Survivors Foundation in Pakistan, there is a high survival rate amongst victims of acid attacks.
Consequently, the victim is faced with physical challenges, which require long-term surgical treatment, as well as psychological challenges, which require in-depth intervention from psychologists and counselors at each stage of physical recovery.
Bangladesh has its Acid Survivors Foundation, which offers acid victims legal, medical, counseling, and monetary assistance in rebuilding their lives.
NGOs provide rehabilitation services for survivors while acting as advocates for social reform, hoping to increase support and awareness for acid assault.
In Pakistan, female students have had acid thrown in their faces as a punishment for attending school.
In Europe, Konstantina Kouneva, currently a member of the European Parliament, had acid thrown on her in 2008, in what was described as "the most severe assault on a trade unionist in Greece for 50 years." The most notable effect of an acid attack is the lifelong bodily disfigurement.
1079290) provides specialist support to its sister organizations in Africa and Asia.
Acid Survivors Trust International is the only international organisation whose sole purpose is to end acid violence.
The intention of the attacker is often to humiliate rather than to kill the victim.